Labor Legislation Introduced in Richmond
Lawmakers Seek to Protect Public Employees
As a handful of localities push to give government unions a monopoly over public employee contracts, lawmakers in Richmond are looking to protect public employees around the state.
Del. Nick Freitas, R-Culpeper, has introduced a suite of bills to help protect the rights of public employees, promote union democracy and protect taxpayers.
The four bills would 1) ensure that public employees are informed of their rights to choose not to join and pay a union and allow them to leave the union at any time, 2) allow public employees the opportunity to vote to keep or remove the union at their workplace, 3) allow individual employees the freedom not to be subject to union representation, and 4) prevent taxpayers from having to pay for union work.
The legislation is in response to troubling provisions that have emerged in some county and school district ordinances that are harmful to public employees and taxpayers. Last May, a new law went into effect that allowed localities to pass ordinances giving government unions a monopoly on contracts for public employees.
Here are more specifics on the four bills:
- Protecting the rights of public employees:
HB 341 makes sure that public employees are aware that they have a First Amendment right to choose whether or not to join and pay a union.
It prevents unions from imposing arbitrary windows during which public employees can opt out of the union and stop paying. Several local ordinances include language that allow unions to trap public employees into paying union dues for up to a year.
HB 341 ensures good bookkeeping and protects public employees’ paychecks by requiring employers to get agreement directly from a public employee and confirm that agreement before any money is deducted from their paychecks. Most of the local ordinances that have passed allow public employers to deduct union dues from their employees simply by taking the union’s word for it. They also allow unions to get agreement from the employee over the phone when the employee may not be aware of what they are agreeing to.
There have been several examples on the West Coast of unions forging workers’ consent then collecting dues from them.
HB 341’s good bookkeeping practices will prevent forgery, deception or simple misunderstanding from causing unwanted deduction from public employees’ paychecks.
Finally, the bill makes sure that – if a public employee agrees to pay union dues – they are not locked in forever. HB 341 gives public employees the ability to decide annually if they want to continue to pay dues.
- Defending union democracy:
HB 336 ensures that, if a union has a monopoly to represent all public employees on a job, they have support from a majority of those employees.
In many states, a union card becomes an heirloom. Once a union is certified to represent workers, they never have another opportunity to vote on the union at their workplace. In Michigan’s 10 largest school districts only 1 percent of teachers were working when the union organized their school. 75 precent were not even alive when the union came in – let alone working or having the ability to vote for or against the union.
HB 336 prevents that from happening and gives public employees the ability to have a secret ballot vote on the union at their workplace.
- Preserving individual public employees’ independence:
HB 335 allows individual public employees to leave the union at their workplace completely and work directly with their employer instead. As it currently stands, if a locality allows collective bargaining, it gives a government union a monopoly on representing all employees. This means that employees who do not want to be under the union contractare still forced to accept union representation. While they do not need to join and – because of Virginia’s right-to-work law and their First Amendment rights, do not need to pay – they still must allow the union to represent them.
HB 335 simply allows public employees who choose not to join a union to continue to operate like they have for decades in Virginia and represent themselves. It also ensures there are no additional requirements on public employers by specifying that these workers who leave the union will be treated the same as they always have as non-unionized employees.
- Safeguarding Taxpayers:
HB 337 protects taxpayers from having to pay for union work. Local collective bargaining ordinances currently allow for a process called release time wherein a public employee can do union work – in some cases, full-time – and still keep their taxpayer funded salary.
The release time prohibition in the bill ensures that, if public employees are being compensated, they are doing their job, not union work.
One study from the Yankee Institute in Connecticut estimated in that state “taxpayers subsidized state employee unions with 121,000 hours of paid time off [in FY 2015], costing $4.1 million”
If a public employee wants to do union work, they are still free to take vacation time or work unpaid. The union is also free to compensate them for their time.
HB 337 also requires unions to reimburse a public employer fair market value for the use of employer resources such as office equipment or space.
For more information on these concepts, see the Securing Workplace Freedom and Rights: Ideas for the New General Assembly in the Jefferson Policy Journal and Virginia Collective Bargaining: Recommendations and models for local collective bargaining in Virginia.